Study to find out the significance of postprandial dyslipidemia in diabetic patients


Original Article

Author Details : Ram Chaitanya K, Ayyali Ambresh*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 53-59

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jpmhh.2021.011



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Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases, which is characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia, which results from the defects in the insulin action, insulin secretion or both. The most prevalent form of the disease, type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is often asymptomatic in the early stages and it may remain undiagnosed for many years.The insulin resistance in the liver leads to failure of the hyperinsulinaemia to suppress the gluconeogenesis, which increases fasting glucose levels and decreases. glycogen storage by the liver in the postprandial phase. Increased glucose production in the liver occurs early in the course of diabetes, and it is likely in skeletal muscles after the onset of the insulin secretory abnormalities and the insulin resistance. Due to the insulin resistance in the adipose tissue and obesity, the free fatty acid (FFA) flux from the adipocytes is increased, which in turn leads to an increase in lipid [very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and triglycerides] synthesis in the hepatocytes. This is responsible for the dyslipidaemia which is found in type2 diabetes mellitus [elevated triglycerides, reduced HDL, and increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particlesIndividuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of developing microvascular and macrovascular complications.
Objective: To find out the significance of postprandial dyslipidemia in diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, wherein written informed consent was taken after giving detailed information to the participants regarding the study. Patients who were in the age group of 35-65 years, admitted in the Department of Medicine, RRMCH from November 2017 for next 18 months with Diabetes Mellitus who met a predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were studied. The study was initiated after obtaining clearance from the institution's ethical committee.
Results: There was a significant elevation of mean values of total serum cholesterol, LDL and TG of cases and controls in the postprandial state compared to their fasting state, statistical significance was found (P<0>

Conclusion: Prevalence of diabetes was highest in the age group 56-65 years in our hospital.As the duration of diabetes increases, there is an increased prevalence of dyslipidemia in the cases.Past history of HTN, IHD, PVD and CVA were found significantly more in subjects with fasting and postprandial dyslipidemia (cases) compared to those without(controls).Patients on irregular treatment (63%) were more in the study group(cases) compared to controls. So it could be said that patient not on regular treatment are more prone to have dyslipidemia. (fasting as well as postprandial). There was a significant increase in total serum cholesterol, LDL and TG in postprandial states of cases compared to that in controls, so it could be said that diabetic patients with fasting dyslipidemia are more prone to have dyslipidemia in the postprandial state.


Keywords: T2DM, IHD, CVA, PVD, LDL, TG, TOTAL Cholesterol


How to cite : Ram Chaitanya K, Ambresh A, Study to find out the significance of postprandial dyslipidemia in diabetic patients. J Prev Med Holist Health 2021;7(1):53-59


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and J Prev Med Holist Health. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 16-03-2021

Accepted : 15-04-2021

Available online : 05-07-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jpmhh.2021.011


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