Epidemiological study and cervical cancer screening by pap smear in Delhi


Original Article

Author Details : Paras Wani*, Urmila Bhardwaj, Ayesha Raza

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 84-88

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jpmhh.2021.017



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Abstract

Objectives:  To study the epidemiological characteristics of cervical cancer in Delhi. With this background we intended to find out the epidemiological characteristics associated with cervical cancer and screening of participants by pap smear.
Materials and Methods:  Pap smear were conducted and detail socio demographic records were obtained and details of demographic characteristic and other risk factors were noted.
Results:  A total of 98 participants were evaluated of which 76.5% of women were in the age group of 30-40 years, By educational status about 46.94% were illiterate. Forty seven percent of the study subjects had a history of abortion. More than half of the study subjects (60.5%) had history of induced abortion in non-licensed clinics (70%). More than half of the study subjects (62%) were sexually active before 15 years of age and almost all the study subjects were sexually active by 18 years of age. Almost one third of the subjects did not Two third of the subjects (72%) among those using contraceptives used IUD and Tubal ligation use any contraceptive method. Thirty eight percent of the study subjects had normal cervix on per speculum examination and 40 % had cervical erosion.8.2% participants tested positive to pap smear.


Keywords: Pap smear, Cervical cancer, India


How to cite : Wani P, Bhardwaj U, Raza A, Epidemiological study and cervical cancer screening by pap smear in Delhi. J Prev Med Holist Health 2021;7(2):84-88


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and J Prev Med Holist Health. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 06-07-2021

Accepted : 16-07-2021

Available online : 29-11-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jpmhh.2021.017


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