“Prevention is better than cure” Mental health plays most vital health indicators, but is given least important in aspects of the health that causes considerable morbidity.3 It is estimated that people lived with a mental health disorder 792 million globally, this is 10.7% one in ten people slightly more than that.4 To maintain the mental health of an individual nature and nurture play an very important. The current changing environment leads to lot of social issues to unemployment. Poverty5 etc brings stress, anxiety it may lead to depression ultimately it affects individual mental. These brought insight to researchers to conduct the present study. Objectives are. (1) To assess the stress anxiety and depression, among adults in selected areas of Pune city. (2) To associate the findings with selected demographic variables.
Materials and Methods
A non-experimental descriptive survey method was used.6 200 sample who met the sampling criteria were included. Research Variable: prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among adults. Tool: Section I — Demographic Data. Section II– DASS21.6 Content validity of the tool was obtained from nine experts from different disciplines like Nursing, Psychology and statistics, Reliability of tool found r=0.98. Pilot study was conducted with20 sample and found too feasible to conduct main study. During Data collection Formal permission from the various authorities. Ethical considerations like informed written consent, confidentiality was incorporated.
The collected data from the sample was analysed as per objectives by using descriptive and inferential analysis.
The analysed data presented as follows:
Section A: Distribution of Demographic data by frequency and percentage
Section B: Distribution of stress, anxiety, and depression by percentage
Section C: Association between stress, anxiety, and depression with demographic data
Section A: Distribution of demographic data by frequency and percentage
Table 1 shows the majority of sample belong to age group 25-35 years, gender is male, secondary education they completed, living in joint family, in type of work the belongs to sedentary work and leisure time they spent mostly by watching TV also unemployment.
Section B: Distribution of stress, anxiety and depression by percentage n=200
Figure 1 shows that 54% sample have extremely severe anxiety; 34% sample have moderate depression and 43% sample have normal stress level.
Section C: Association between stress, anxiety and depression with demographic data
The demographic variable like age, gender, education etc almost all shown statistically significant association as the P value is less than 0.05.7 Spend of leisure time may not show statistically significant, but review show spends of leisure time influence stress and anxiety.
Early identification depressive, anxiety, and stress-related symptoms in adults is a preventive measure, which can help in prevent major physical health related issues like hypertension, cardiovascular diseases etc. and mental health disorders like substance abuse and antisocial behaviours etc in later lives. Conduct awareness program among people about management of stress, healthy lifestyles, human relationships will help to enhance the both physical and mental health of the people.